Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper

Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper

Implicit prejudices are social preferences that exist outside of conscious awareness or control.
In this review, we summarize evidence for three mechanisms that influence the expression
of implicit prejudice: associative change, contextual change, and change in control over  Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
implicit prejudice. We then review the evidence (or lack thereof) for answers to five open
issues in implicit prejudice reduction research: (1) what shows effectiveness in real-world
application; (2) what doesn’t work for implicit prejudice reduction; (3) what interventions
produce long-term changes in implicit prejudice; (4) measurement diversity in implicit Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
prejudice reduction research; and (5) the relationship between implicit prejudice and behavior.
Addressing these issues provides an agenda for clarifying the conditions and implications of
reducing implicit prejudice.
Gordon Allport memorably defined prejudice as a “feeling, favorable or unfavorable, toward Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
a person or thing, prior to, or not based on, actual experience” (Allport, 1954, p. 6). The
conceptualization of prejudice has evolved since with a focus on intergroup relations – evaluations
of others based on social categories such as race, ethnicity, gender, social class, sexual
orientation, nationality, religion, or disability (Brewer, 1999; Dovidio, Glick, & Rudman,
2005; Tajfel, 1982; Yzerbyt & Demoulin, 2010). One important shift in the understanding Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
of prejudice was the recognition that the “feeling” need not be deliberate, intentional,
endorsed, or even available to conscious awareness (Banaji, Nosek, & Greenwald, 2004;
Fazio, Jackson, Dunton, & Williams, 1995; Greenwald & Banaji, 1995). People can have
implicit prejudices – feelings, favorable or unfavorable, toward persons or groups that they Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
did not endorse or even realize that they possessed (Gawronski & Payne, 2010; Nosek,
Hawkins, & Frazier, 2011, 2012).
Implicit prejudice is distinct but related to explicit prejudice (Nosek & Smyth, 2007). For
example, self-reported attitudes toward Blacks compared to Whites are moderately,
positively correlated with the Implicit Association Test (IAT; Greenwald, McGhee, & Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
Schwartz, 1998; Nosek, Greenwald, & Banaji, 2007) measuring associations for the same
racial groups (zero-order correlation r ~ .30; latent variable correlation r ~ .45; see Nosek,
2007 for a review). But, the strength of the relationship between implicit and explicit Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
attitudes varies across social categories, with age and disability attitudes eliciting particularly
weak relationships (r’s < .15), for example, and sexual orientation and political attitudes
eliciting comparatively strong ones (r’s > .45; Nosek, Smyth, et al., 2007). This variation
may be explained in part by the social pressures against holding negative attitudes toward Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
some groups and how much people have elaborated on those attitudes (Nosek, 2005). Further,
implicit and explicit evaluations predict behavior – jointly and independently (Greenwald,
Poehlman, Uhlmann, & Banaji, 2009). Finally, implicit and explicit evaluations are Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
understood to be subject to distinct formative experiences (Ranganath & Nosek, 2008;
Ratliff & Nosek, 2011; Rydell & McConnell, 2006), operate via distinct psychological
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is a popular and respected method for measuring implicit attitudes and beliefs. Take a test of your choosing, and respond to the following questions regarding your experience.Write an essay of 750-1,000 words on your experience with the Implicit Association Test (IAT), located on the Project Implicit website; see the attached document under the assignment tab for further directions. Include the following:Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper

  • Describe which test you took and your results.
  • Discuss if your results surprise you. Why or why not?
  • Interpret the results. Do you think they are valid for you personally?Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper
  • Reflect on the results of your test and your own implicit bias, briefly explain the causes of prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behaviors you may have seen in others. Do you see similarities or difference between your bias and others potential bias.
  • Consider the overall validity of the IAT. Do you think this test is a valid and reliable measure of implicit bias? Use scholarly research to back up your claims in this section.Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper


Use two to four scholarly resources, for this assignment the textbook can count as a scholarly source.Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper



When writing in APA style, it is important that your analysis is written in third person. Writing in third person helps with clarity and conciseness throughout your paper. However, some instances writing in first person is acceptable and should be used sparingly. Solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines.Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper

This Implicit Prejudice: PSY 362 Topic 6 Benchmark assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper

You are required to submit this Implicit Prejudice: PSY 362 Topic 6 Benchmark assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the Student Success Center for directions.

This benchmark assignment assesses the following programmatic competency: 3.3: Explain causes of prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behaviors using self-reflection and identification in others.

PSY 362 Topic 6 DQ 1

Research on the relation between religion and prejudice is well summarized by Gordon Allport: “The role of religion is paradoxical. It makes prejudice and it unmakes prejudice.” In your opinion, do you agree, and, if so, why might this be true? If you do not agree, explain your reasoning.Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper

PSY 362 Topic 6 DQ 2

Prejudice has traditionally been assumed to be the product of some form of malice, brought about by social or emotional forces. In recent years; however, there has been increasing research on how prejudice can result from cognitive processes, without malicious intent. Discuss how and why cognitive processes can produce prejudice. Once stereotypes and prejudices are formed, how do they come to be self-perpetuating? Implicit Prejudice Assignment Paper